Definition and Characteristics of a Project

  • Understand what constitutes a project and distinguish it from routine operations.
  • Explore the unique characteristics of projects, including defined objectives, finite duration, and cross-functional teams.

Definition and characteristics of a project


Project: A project can be defined as a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result. It involves a set of planned activities, resources, and constraints aimed at achieving specific objectives within a defined timeframe and budget.

Projects are typically complex, multidisciplinary efforts that require coordinated efforts from individuals or teams to deliver the desired outcome.

Examples of projects:

1. Construction of a Bridge: Building a bridge involves a temporary endeavor with a specific objective of creating a bridge to connect two locations. It requires a team of architects, engineers, construction workers, and various resources to complete the project within the defined scope, budget, and timeline.

Construction of a bridge
software development

2. Software Development: Developing a new software application involves a project that aims to create a unique product. It requires a team of software developers, designers, testers, and project managers who work together to deliver the software according to the specified requirements and within the allocated time and resources.

Characteristics of a project:

  1. Unique Objective: Projects are initiated to achieve a specific goal or create a unique deliverable. Each project is distinct and has its own set of objectives that differentiate it from routine operations.

  2. Temporary Nature: Projects have a defined start and end date. They are not ongoing, but rather have a predetermined duration. Once the project’s objectives are accomplished, it is considered complete.

Devendra Kumar

Project Management Apprentice at Google

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