The centralized management of multiple projects to align them with organizational strategies and objectives.
Example: Prioritizing and allocating resources across a portfolio of projects to maximize value and meet business goals.
The processes and techniques to facilitate smooth transitions and manage resistance when implementing changes in the organization.
Example: Implementing a change management plan to ensure employee acceptance and adoption of new software systems.
The processes and activities to ensure that project deliverables meet specified quality standards.
Example: Conducting quality inspections and audits at various stages of a manufacturing project to ensure product conformity.
A repository where organizations store documented lessons learned from past projects for future reference and knowledge sharing.
Example: Maintaining a lessons learned database that can be accessed by project teams for insights and guidance.
A comprehensive list of tasks and activities to be completed during project closure.
Example: Using a project closure checklist to ensure that all project documentation, deliverables, and resources are appropriately closed and handed over.
A document that outlines how procurement activities will be carried out, including vendor selection, contracting, and supplier relationship management.
Example: Developing a procurement management plan for a construction project, specifying the criteria for selecting suppliers and the process for managing contracts.
A visual representation of resource utilization over time, showing the distribution of resources across project activities.
Example: Using a resource histogram to identify resource overloads or bottlenecks in a project schedule.
Potential lessons or knowledge gained during a project that can be useful for future projects.
Example: Identifying potential lessons related to stakeholder management and communication strategies during a project kickoff meeting.
The process of comparing actual project performance against planned performance to identify deviations and take corrective actions.
Example: Analyzing cost variances to understand why actual project expenses are higher or lower than the planned budget.
The measure of work actually performed against the planned work as a percentage of the total planned work.
Example: Calculating the earned value to determine the progress of a construction project based on completed tasks and their associated budget.